Oman university uses an Equilibar back pressure regulator to simulate bottomhole pressure in EOR studies
In Oman, many crude oil reservoirs have reached production peak and the primary methods of recovery are no longer useful. At this stage, an Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) method can help boost crude oil production in these reservoirs to extend their useful life. Researchers at University of Technology and Applied Sciences (UTAS), study different chemical injection methods to improve heavy oil recovery.
Climate scientists have proven that direct-air capture removes CO2 from the atmosphere but once captured, it needs a place to go. Currently it is common practice to bury captured CO2 deep within the earth. Alternatively, electrical breakdown in low-pressure CO2 with a catalyst can cause CO2 to split and produce CO, which can later be combined with Hydrogen to make synthetic fuels. The research in this case study goes beyond that to explore reactions that occur in supercritical CO2 when there is an electrical discharge and no catalyst present.
Development of improved polyolefin catalysts is an important area of research to meet a growing demand for PE and PP polymers. Quantitative and stable monomer flow is essential for proper functioning of this polymer research. Equilibar regulators are used in polymerization units to ensure stable monomer flow.
In the oil and gas industry, removing impurities from petroleum fuels leads to cleaner emissions and improved downstream processing. Hydrodesulfurization (HDS) and hydrodenitrogenation (HDN) are chemical processes that use catalysts to remove sulfur and nitrogen impurities. New legislation such as IMO2020 for marine fuels and Tier 3 for automotive fuels requires substantial reductions of sulfur and nitrogen to reduce their environmental impact.
Ammonia production accounts for 2% of the world’s energy consumption. However, renewable and distributed ammonia production remains a significant challenge. Dr. Wolden, Professor at Colorado School of Mines, is investigating catalyst materials and methods for distributed ammonia production. For the ammonia catalyst apparatus, three variables are critical: gas flow rates, reactor temperature, and reactor pressure. Dr. Wolden worked with Equilibar to automate and improve reactor control pressure in his experiments.
University of Aberdeen Uses Equilibar® Back Pressure Regulator in Pore Pressure Transmission Testing
Pore pressure transmission (PPT) testing is used in petrochemical research to determine the effectiveness of oil drilling fluids. Researchers at the University of Aberdeen redesigned their PPT experimental rig in order to effectively test the wide range of shale environments studied in the Petroleum and Natural Gas Engineering Research Group. Upstream pressure control is an important part of the PPT design, so researchers turned to Equilibar to get the design right.
UC Boulder Uses Equilibar® Vacuum Regulator in Prototype Electrolyzer for Generating Oxygen in Space.
Flow cell electrolysis, which is used for spaceflight applications, uses a flowing water electrolyzer to generate enough oxygen from water to keep up with the crew’s metabolic requirements. Many of the current electrolyzer designs require a downstream gas-liquid separation process, presenting challenges in a microgravity environment. One complication is two-phase flow caused by bubble generation in the electrolyzer. Researchers at the University of Colorado at Boulder proposed an alternative electrolyzer configuration and built a prototype using an Equilibar® vacuum regulator.
Major Australian University Uses Equilibar® Back Pressure Regulator for High Pressure Core Flooding Experiments.
Core flooding experiments are routinely performed in hydrocarbon reservoir engineering to investigate multiphase flow characteristics of rock-fluid systems. For such experiments,
Zhengzhou University Uses Equilibar Back Pressure Regulator in O2 Hydrogenation for Direct Synthesis of Hydrogen Peroxide
Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) is widely used in the chemical industry as an environmentally friendly oxidizing agent. Researchers at Zhengzhou University are studying methods for direct synthesis as cost effective and sustainable alternative to traditional anthraquinone oxidation. They retrofitted a reactor with an Equilibar LF1 regulator to avoid irregular pressure control experienced with their traditional spring loaded regulator.
Researchers at the University of Washington fabricated a supercritical water reactor with a continuous flow design to improve economic efficiency. They chose an Equilibar ultra low flow regulator in the design where precise pressure control at extremely low flow rates is crucial.
Berlin Customer Uses Equilibar to Provide Flow Control for High Temperature Vinyl Acetate Monomer Reactor
This whitepaper details how ILS-Integrated Lab Solutions uses an Equilibar LF Series back pressure regulator paired with an Intek flow meter to maintain precise reactor flow control at extremely high temperatures.
This whitepaper describes a clever way of using the Equilibar back pressure regulator to maintain precise reactor flow control while switching a 4-way valve between two fuel sources.
This whitepaper describes how aqueous and organic fluids were separated across a delicate membrane as part of research for the MIT-Novartis Center for Continuous Pharmaceutical Manufacturing.
The Gloversville-Johnstown Waste Water Treatment Plant in New York generates methane from anaerobic digestion of organic mater. This biogas powers 350kW gas powered generators.
Thermodynamic studies of hydrofluoric and sulfuric acid require some of the highest corrosion resistance of any application on the planet.
Whitepaper details how Integrated Lab Solutions, Gmbh used Equilibar regulators to control multi-phase fluids in catalysis research systems.
An extra wide flow range provided improved precision in catalyst reactor study.
Research at the Australian National University in Canberra aims to find better ways store carbon dioxide in granular rock structures.
Loughborough University in Leicestershire used the Equilibar back pressure controller to replace a metering valve in 80 bar carbon dioxide service.
Researchers at Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic are working to develop improved environmental catalysts. The Equilibar QPV electronic pressure regulator was used with the Equilibar back pressure regulator to control fuel cell pressure.
Whitepaper describes how Berlin-based Integrated Lab Solutions reduced pulsations from an HPLC pump in a liquid dosing application.
Whitepaper describes how flow control valve limitations were addressed in a sodium hypochlorite dosing system for the City of Tempe, Arizona.
The Department of Chemical Engineering at UT Austin studied ways to reduce membrane fouling in industrial purification systems. The Equilibar back pressure regulating valve was used in conjunction with the Equilibar QPV electronic pressure controller to provide automated pressure control.
Whitepaper describing carbon sequestration research using a research reactor with supercritical CO2 and liquid reactants dosed with an HPLC pump.
Whitepaper described Reservoir Core Analysis work done using Carbonated Water Flooding technique.
Whitepaper describes the research conducted by the University of Stuttgart (Germany) find improved catalysts for the production of phthalic anhydride plasticizers.
Researchers at Duke University and University of Missouri use an Equilibar back pressure regulator in both a laboratory and pilot scale system. The research is focused on developing a Supercritical Water Oxidation (SCWO) system for use in the treatment of waste water.
Researchers at MIT implemented an Equilibar Back Pressure Regulator to control pressure on a membrane use in reverse osmosis fouling research.